Transition from "Sage on the Stage" to "Guide on the Side"

Consider being a "guide on the side" that facilitates students learning.

Sage on the Stage - an instructor who...

  • lectures most of the time

  • has the philosophy that s/he has knowledge to ‘give’ learners who would benefit from this

  • may focus on memorizing content


Guide on the Side - an instructor who...

  • facilitates learning (e.g. through collaboration)

  • learners discover knowledge

  • steers learners in ways that help them

Learn more about POGIL.


  • Morrison, Charles. (2014). From ‘Sage on the Stage’ to ‘Guide on the Side’: A Good Start. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. 8. 10.20429/ijsotl.2014.080104.

Reflection Activity Facilitator Slides (link)

Consider the following question:

  1. What are some challenges you might face when practicing the ‘guide on the side’ approach to teaching and learning? How might you overcome those challenges?